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Cyberbullying and Cybervictimization in Tanzanian Secondary Schools: Prevalence and Predictors

Hezron Z Onditi*, Jennifer D Shapka

Abstract

Abstract This study explored cyberbullying and cybervictimization, and the role of sociodemographic and access to technology variables for Tanzanian adolescents. A self-report questionnaire was completed by secondary school students aged 14 to 18 (Form 1 to Form IV). Results provide evidence that online violence is increasingly becoming a problem of concern for Tanzanian adolescents. In particular, whereas 42% of the students reported to have cyberbullied others using electronic communication devices, 58% admitted having experienced cybervictimization. Also, results showed that students who spend more time online, share cellphones with others, and who access digital devices in a private location are more likely to experience cybervictimization. We also found out that students who use digital devices in a private location, and who spend more time online (for older and male adolescents) were more likely to cyberbully others online. The findings provide a further evidence that cyberbullying is a problem of concern for all children and adolescents across cultures. The paper concludes by providing implications and suggestions for intervention programs, and for future studies

Keywords

adolescents, socio-demographic factors, ICT, cyberbullying, cybervictimization

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