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The Nature of Conditional Sentences in Nyakyusa

Amani Lusekelo, PhD*

Abstract

The mechanisms utilized to introduce conditional construction in Nyakyusa are partly similar to the patterns available in some Bantu languages because its protasis is introduced by the word lıınga. The counterfactual marker angali introduces the apodosis of the counterfactual sentences, similar to Zulu and Swahili.

The main difference is that Nyakyusa differentiates reality and unreality situations primarily through TAM formatives. For instance, realistic situations manifest in future and present tenses while unrealistic events are primarily indicated by remoteness in past tense.

Keywords

conditional sentences, TAM system, protasis, adoposis, comparative Bantu, Nyakyusa1

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